The South Africa National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) reports two human rabies cases of 2021 from KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo Province in February and March 2021, respectively. Sadly, both victims were children 2 and 7 years of age and had a clear history of biting incident with a local dog. In case of the 2-year-old boy, despite a sustained injury on his head while playing with a dog reportedly no rabies PEP was administered, when the child was admitted to hospital. The boy suffered from typical symptoms of rabies and died soon. In the other case, the 7-year-old boy already showed clinical symptoms of rabies when he was admitted to hospital. Rabies was laboratory confirmed on saliva samples using RT-PCR.
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